Dr. Shubhangi Mahajan
Micropigmentation, also known as permanent makeup or cosmetic tattooing. It is a cosmetic procedure that is used to restore or replace lost skin color. Micropigmentation is most often used on your face. E.g. To enhance eyebrows, eyelids (as eyeliner) and lips. It is also used as a camouflage on the skin and to restore color to lost skin areas.
Who should do it for micropigmentation?
- Anyone (male or female) can use micropigmentation. If you are a person who wants to look your best while avoiding physical challenges while applying makeup, then micropigmentation will be more suitable for you.
- Micropigmentation is useful as a treatment or remedy for some medical conditions:
- As a follow-up to reconstructive surgery on the face.
- To fill eyebrows that are thinning due to age or underlying medical conditions.
- To regain skin color lost due to vitiligo.
- To regenerate the areola (the area around the breast) after breast surgery
- As a permanent remedy if you are allergic to traditional, temporary makeup.
How is the procedure performed?
Local anesthesia is given to numb the skin and keep you comfortable during the procedure. Typically, micropigmentation can be done in an office setting. It involves injecting pigments (tattoo ink / iron oxide) just below the skin’s surface (dermis) using an electric tattoo device. Depending on the complexity of the process, it takes from 30 minutes to several hours to complete the process. Apply antiseptic cream after the procedure.
What to take care of?
Some patients may need more than one treatment to achieve the desired results. You may also need additional treatments to maintain the look as the pigment decreases over the years. Mild swelling and redness may occur on the treated area. Your esthetician or plastic surgeon will allow you to apply some ointment. Also, follow their instructions. If you experience excessive swelling, pain, burning or redness, fever or acne, contact your esthetician or plastic surgeon immediately.
What are the dangers?
Infections such as hepatitis, HIV and staph are more likely to occur if disinfected needles are not used or ink is contaminated. Such infections are less likely to occur if the procedure is performed by a trained cosmetic physician.
The micropigmentation process around the eye can cause eyelid damage, severe eyelid injury, crusting and atropion.
Your body may react to the tattoo ink as a ‘foreign body’ and form a lump (foreign body granuloma) around the pigment particles. Scars like keloids can form in place of tattoos.